Battle Of Bentonville



Alex Guarducci - Maddi Eckenrode

1. The name of our battle is the Battle of Bentonville.
Gen. William T. Sherman(US)
Gen. William T. Sherman(US)

2. The Battle of Bentonville happened on March 19-21, 1865.
3. The Battle of Bentonville happened in Johnson County, NC in front of Mill Creek.
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston (CS)
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston (CS)

4. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum [US] Gen. Joseph E. Johnston [CS]
5. The Union had Sherman’s Right Wing fighting (XX and XIV Corps) about 60,000 men. The Confederacy had Johnston’s army.
6. While Maj. Gen. Slocum’s advance was stalled at Averasborugh, the right wing of Sherman’s army under command of Maj. Gen. O.O. Howard marched towards Goldsborough. On March 19, Slocum encountered Johnston’s army who wanted to go to Bentonville. Late afternoon, Johnston attacked part of Sherman’s right wing. The elements of the rest of the right wing were thrown into action as they arrived on the field. Five Confederate attacks failed to dislodge the federal defenders and the darkness ended the first day of fighting. During the night , Johnston made his line go into a ‘’V’’ to protect his flanks with Mill Creek behind them. On March 20, Slocum was heavily reinforced, but Sherman was inclined to let Johnston retreat. On the 21st Johnston stayed in position while he removed his wounded soldiers. Gen. Mower led his Union forces to the back of Johnston. Confederate’s counter attacks stopped Mower saving the army’s only line of communication and retreat. During the night, Johnston retreated across the bridge at Bentonville. On April 18, Johnston signed an armistice with Sherman at the Bennett House and on April 26 he formally surrendered his army.
7. Johnston (confederate) put his like into a “v” to try and protect his flanks with Mill Creek behind them during the night on March 19th. Joseph A. Mower (union) came up behind them on March 21st.
8. Union victory, they won because Johnston retreated and formally surrendered.
9. There were 4,738 soldiers wounded or killed total in the battle of Bentonville. (US 1,646; CS 3,092)
10. The battle at Bentonville was the last full-scale action of the Civil War. This battle made the Civil War end. Gen. Johnston of the Confederate army retreated and formally surrendered.
bentonville1.jpg
Bentonville Battle Site

bville1.jpg
"v" Fighting Position
bentonville.gif
Map of Bentonville Battle



Images-
Joseph E. Johnston
http://www.wildwestweb.net/cwleaders/Joseph%20E.%20Johnston.jpg
William T. Sherman
http://www.sonofthesouth.net/union-generals/sherman/pictures/general-william-tecumseh-sherman.jpg
Map Of Bettonville
http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/nc/bentonville.gif
Bentonville Battle Site
http://www.civilwaralbum.com/misc8/bentonville1.htm
"v" fighting positions
http://www.nccivilwar150.com/images/bville1.jpg



Information on Bentonville-
http://www.nchistoricsites.org/Bentonvi/Bentonvi.HTM
http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/nc020.htm