Battle of Bentonville

By: Abby Barley
Block 3




1. The name of my battle is the "Battle of Bentonville."
2. The Battle of Bentonville occured from March 19-21 1865.
3. The Battle of Bentonville occured in Johnston, North Carolina.
4. The officers in charge of the Union Army were Major General William T. Sherman and Major General Henry Slocum. The officer in charge of the Confederate Army was General Joseph E. Johns ton.
5. The name of the military group for the Union Army was Sherman’s Right Wing, the XX (20) and XIV (14) Corps. The name of the military group for the Confederate Army was Johnston's Army.
6. As Slocum’s movement was slowed at Averasborough (another battle in North Carolina) by other Confederate troops, Sherman's Right Wing under the command of Major General O.O. Howard marched toward Goldsborough, NC. On March 19 Slocum met the trespassing Confederate Army men of General Johnston who had focused to meet his advance at Bentonville, NC. Later that afternoon, Johnston attacked, crushing part of the Union Army. Only strong counter-attacks and desperate fighting south of the Goldsborough Road slowed the Confederate offense.
Elements of the other part of the Union Army were thrown into the action as they arrived on the field. Five Confederate attacks failed to defeat the Union defenders and nightfall terminated the first day’s fighting.During the night, Johnston aligned his men into a “V” to protect his flanks with Mill Creek to his back. On March 20, Slocum was greatly reinforced, but fighting was still frequent. Sherman was willing to let Johnston retreat. However, on the 21st, Johnston stayed in position while he removed his wounded soldiers. Skirmishes popped up along the entire front. In the afternoon, another general, Mower, led his Union army along a narrow path that carried it across Mill Creek behind Johnston. Confederate counter-attacks stopped Mower’s advance, saving the army’s only line of communication and retreat. Mower stopped, ending fighting for the day.
During the night, Johnston retreated across the bridge at Bentonville. Union forces continued at first light, driving back Wheeler’s rearguard and saving the bridge. Union pursuit was halted at Hannah’s Creek after a severe skirmish. Sherman, after regrouping at Goldsborough, pursued Johnston toward Raleigh, NC. On April 18, Johnston signed an armistice with Sherman at the Bennett House, and on April 26, formally surrendered his army.
7. Strategic moves of the Union army was wounding many Confederate soldiers and the Union had more soldiers.
8. The Union Army won the Battle of Bentonville.
9. The estimated casualties of the Battle of Bentonville was 4,738 total; 1,646 for the Union and 3,092 for the Confederacy.
10. The impact of the Battle of Bentonville on the Civil War was that it gave the North another victory. There were also many deaths over the 2 day battle.

Map:



 Movement Map of the Battle of Bentonville (Red=Confederate Blue=Union)
Movement Map of the Battle of Bentonville (Red=Confederate Blue=Union)




Commanders:



Major General William T. Sherman (Union)
Major General William T. Sherman (Union)




Major General Henry Slocum (Union)
Major General Henry Slocum (Union)






General Joseph E. Johnston (Confederate)
General Joseph E. Johnston (Confederate)

Soldier Lifestyle:


Civil War Camp Site and Soldiers
Civil War Camp Site and Soldiers




Other Pictures:


Battle of Bentonville
Battle of Bentonville






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