Battle of Spotsylvania:

By Julie Ault


1. The name of the series of battles along the Virginia front are know as the Battle of Spotylvania.


Battle map of Spotsylvania from www.usa-civil-war.com
Battle map of Spotsylvania from www.usa-civil-war.com


2. The battle was from May 8 to the 21, 1864

3. The battle happened in Spotsylvania County, VA


Battle of Spotylvania from www.nps.gov
Battle of Spotylvania from www.nps.gov


4. The officers in charge were Gen Ulysses S. Grant and George Meade on the Union side and Gen. Robert E. Lee on the Confederate side.

5. There were about 152,000 total soldiers present. About 100,000 on the Union side and 52,000 on the Confederate side.


GrantUS.jpg
Ulysses S Grant from www.il.ngb.army.mil


George Meade from philadelphia-reflections.com
George Meade from philadelphia-reflections.com


Robert E Lee from upload.wikimedia.org/robert
Robert E Lee from upload.wikimedia.org/robert


6. General Grant and Gen. Meade were advancing on Richmond. When they got to Spotsylvania, close to the courthouse, they were attacked on May 8 by the confederates. They had a series of brawls along Spotsylvania's front. The Union attacked the Confederates and captured almost a whole division of Gen. Lee's army. This was known as Bloody Angle and occurred from May 12 to 13. The Union almost cut the Confederate's numbers in half.

The Confederates fought back more furiously and started to even out the score. This lasted about 20 hours The Confederates suffered a lot of casualties on May 19 when they tried to attack the Union's right flank. Two union generals were killed; Gen Sedgwick and Gen Rice. The Union was able to capture generals Johnson and Steuart. The fighting ended on may 21 when Gen Grant backed off and headed again for Richmond.

7.The Union attacked the Confederates on May 12. The Battle ended on the 13. The Union caught about half on the Confederate army. This helped the union gain the upper hand and cripple the Confederates.

8. The outcome was inconclusive because Grant continued his offense in other locations along Virginia on his way to Richmond.

9. The amount of casualties reached up to 30,000 people.

A Soldier's Life During the Civil War from www.sonofthesouth.net
A Soldier's Life During the Civil War from www.sonofthesouth.net



10. These series of battles impacted the Confederates for the worse because they started out with far less than the Union and, even though the Union lost many, they lost enough to make it more uneven. Gen. Grant was able to continue on to Richmond which was a major city in Virginia.

Sources Used

http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/va048.htm